On This Day

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#61 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Thu Jun 01, 2017 12:36 pm

Today in History June 1

193 The Roman emperor, Marcus Didius, is murdered in his palace.
1533 Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's new queen, is crowned.
1774 The British government orders the port of Boston closed.
1789 The first U.S. congressional act on administering oaths becomes law.
1812 American navy captain James Lawrence, mortally wounded in a naval engagement with the British, exhorts to the crew of his vessel, the Chesapeake, "Don't give up the ship!"
1862 General Robert E. Lee assumes command of the Confederate army outside Richmond after General Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines.
1864 The Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia, begins as Confederate general Robert E. Lee tries to turn Union general Ulysses S. Grant's flank.
1868 James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, dies.
1877 U.S. troops are authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico.
1915 Germany conducts the first zeppelin air raid over England.
1916 The National Defense Act increases the strength of the U.S. National Guard by 450,000 men.
1921 A race riot erupts in Tulsa, Oklahoma, killing 85 people.
1939 The Douglas DC-4 makes its first passenger flight from Chicago to New York.
1941 The German Army completes the capture of Crete as the Allied evacuation ends.
1942 America begins sending Lend-Lease materials to the Soviet Union.
1958 Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France.
1963 Governor George Wallace vows to defy an injunction ordering integration of the University of Alabama.
1978 The U.S. reports finding wiretaps in the American embassy in Moscow.
Born on June 1
1563 Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury.
1801 Brigham Young, American religious leader.
1814 Philip Kearney, Union general.
1831 John B. Hood, Confederate general.
1878 John Masefield, English poet.
1898 Molly Picon, comic actress and singer.
1901 John van Druten, English playwright (I am a Camera).
1926 Marilyn Monroe (born Norma Jean Mortenson, later Norma Jean Baker), film actress and icon.
1932 Christopher Lasch, American social critic and writer.

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#62 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Fri Jun 02, 2017 11:22 am

Today in History June 2

1537 Pope Paul III bans the enslavement of Indians in the New World.
1774 The Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to allow British soldiers into their houses, is reenacted.
1793 Maximilien Robespierre, a member of France's Committee on Public Safety, initiates the "Reign of Terror."
1818 The British army defeats the Maratha alliance in Bombay, India.
1859 French forces cross the Ticino River.
1865 At Galveston, Texas, Confederate general Edmund Kirby Smith surrenders the Trans-Mississippi Department to Union forces.
1883 The first baseball game under electric lights is played in Fort Wayne, Indiana.
1886 Grover Cleveland becomes the first American president to wed while in office.
1910 Charles Stewart Rolls, one of the founders of Rolls-Royce, becomes the first man to fly an airplane nonstop across the English Channel both ways. Tragically, he becomes Britain's first aircraft fatality the following month when his biplane breaks up in midair.
1924 The United States grants full citizenship to American Indians.
1928 Nationalist Chiang Kai-shek captures Peking, China, in a bloodless takeover.
1942 The American aircraft carriers Enterprise, Hornet and Yorktown move into their battle positions for the Battle of Midway.
1944 Allied "shuttle bombing" of Germany begins, with bombers departing from Italy and landing in the Soviet Union.
1946 Italian citizens vote by referendum for a republic.
1948 Jamaican-born track star Herb McKenley sets a new world record for the 400 yard dash.
1953 Elizabeth II is crowned queen of England at Westminster Abbey.
1954 Senator Joseph McCarthy charges that there are communists working in the CIA and atomic weapons plants.
1969 The Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne slices the destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half off the shore of South Vietnam.
Born on June 2
1731 Martha Dandridge, the first First Lady of the United States. Widow of Daniel Park Custis, she married George Washington in 1759.
1740 Donatien Alphonse Francois, the Marquis de Sade.
1840 Thomas Hardy, English poet and novelist (Far From the Madding Crowd, Tess of the D'Urbervilles).
1903 Robert Morris Page, physicist, inventor of pulse radar.
1904 Johnny Weissmuller, American gold-winning Olympic swimmer who portrayed Tarzan in films.
1913 Barbara Pym (Mary Crampton), English novelist (Less Than Angels, Quartet in Autumn).

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#63 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Sat Jun 03, 2017 12:02 pm

Today in History June 3

1098 Christian Crusaders of the First Crusade seize Antioch, Turkey.
1539 Hernando De Soto claims Florida for Spain.
1861 Union troops defeat Confederate forces at Philippi, in western Virginia
1864 Some 7,000 Union troops are killed within 30 minutes during the Battle of Cold Harbor in Virginia.
1888 The classic baseball poem "Casey at the Bat," written by Ernest L. Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner.
1918 The Finnish Parliament ratifies a treaty with Germany.
1923 In Italy, dictator Benito Mussolini grants women the right to vote.
1928 Manchurian warlord Zhang Zuolin dies as a result of a bomb blast set off by the Japanese.
1938 The German Third Reich votes to confiscate so-called "degenerate art."
1940 The German Luftwaffe hits Paris with 1,100 bombs.
1942 Japanese carrier-based planes strafe Dutch Harbor in the Aleutian Islands as a diversion of the attack on Midway Island.
1952 A rebellion by North Korean prisoners in the Koje prison camp in South Korea is put down by American troops.
1965 Astronaut Edward White becomes the first American to walk in space when he exits the Gemini 4 space capsule.
1969 74 American sailors die when the destroyer USS Frank E. Evans was cut in two by an Australian aircraft carrier in the South China Sea.
1974 Charles Colson, an aide to President Richard Nixon, pleads guilty to obstruction of justice.
1989 The Chinese government begins its crackdown on pro-democracy activists in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. Hundreds are killed and thousands are arrested.
Born on June 3
1726 James Hutton, Scottish scientist, pioneer in the field of geology.
1804 Richard Cobden, English economist and politician.
1808 Jefferson Davis, President of Confederate States of America.
1904 Charles R. Drew, American physician, researcher of blood plasma.
1906 Josephine Baker, dancer and singer.
1922 Alain Resnais, French film director.
1926 Allen Ginsberg, American poet (Howl).
1936 Larry McMurtry, novelist (The Last Picture Show, Terms of Endearment).

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#64 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Sun Jun 04, 2017 12:15 pm

Today in History June 4

1615 The fortress at Osaka, Japan, falls to Shogun Leyasu after a six-month siege.
1647 Parliamentary forces capture King Charles I and hold him prisoner.
1717 The Freemasons are founded in London.
1792 Captain George Vancouver claims Puget Sound for Britain.
1794 British troops capture Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
1805 Tripoli is forced to conclude peace with the United States after a conflict over tribute.
1859 The French army, under Napoleon III, takes Magenta from the Austrian army.
1864 Confederates under General Joseph Johnston retreat to the mountains in Georgia.
1911 Gold is discovered in Alaska's Indian Creek.
1918 French and American troops halt Germany's offensive at Chateau-Thierry, France.
1919 The U.S. Senate passes the Women's Suffrage bill.
1940 The British complete the evacuation of 300,000 troops at Dunkirk.
1943 In Argentina, Juan Peron takes part in the military coup that overthrows Ramon S. Castillo.
1944 The U-505 becomes the first enemy submarine captured by the U.S. Navy.
1944 Allied troops liberate Rome.
1946 Juan Peron is installed as Argentina's president.
1953 North Korea accepts the United Nations proposals in all major respects.
1960 The Taiwan island of Quemoy is hit by 500 artillery shells fired from the coast of Communist China.
1972 Black activist Angela Davis is found not guilty of murder, kidnapping, and criminal conspiracy.
Born on June 4
1738 George III, English king (1760-1820).
1843 Charles C. Abbott, American naturalist (Days Out of Doors).
1889 Beno Gutenberg, seismologist.
1895 Dino Conte Grandi, Italy's delegate to theLeague of Nations.
1904 Alvah Bessie, screenwriter and novelist.
1937 Robert Fulghum, American author (All I Really Need to Know I learned in Kindergarten).
1945 Anthony Braxton, jazz composer and saxaphonist.
1966 Vladimir Voevodsky, Russian mathematician.

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#65 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Mon Jun 05, 2017 12:04 pm

Today in History June 5

1099 Members of the First Crusade witness an eclipse of the moon and interpret it as a sign they will recapture Jerusalem.
1568 Ferdinand, the Duke of Alba, crushes the Calvinist insurrection in Ghent.
1595 Henry IV's army defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Fontaine-Francaise.
1637 American settlers in New England massacre a Pequot Indian village.
1783 Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier make the first public balloon flight.
1794 The U.S. Congress prohibits citizens from serving in any foreign armed forces.
1827 Athens falls to Ottoman forces.
1851 Harriet Beecher Stowe publishes the first installment of Uncle Tom's Cabin in The National Era.
1856 U.S. Army troops in the Four creeks region of California, head back to quarters, officially ending the Tule River War. Fighting, however, will continue for a few more years.
1863 The Confederate raider CSS Alabama captures the Talisman in the Mid-Atlantic.
1872 The Republican National Convention, the first major political party convention to include blacks, commences.
1880 Wild woman of the west Myra Maybelle Shirley marries Sam Starr even though records show she was already married to Bruce Younger.
1900 British troops under Lord Roberts seize Pretoria from the Boers.
1940 The German army begins its offensive in Southern France.
1944 The first B-29 bombing raid strikes the Japanese rail line in Bangkok, Thailand.
1947 Secretary of State George C. Marshall outlines "The Marshall Plan," a program intended to assist European nations, including former enemies, to rebuild their economies.
1956 Premier Nikita Khrushchev denounces Josef Stalin to the Soviet Communist Party Congress.
1967 The Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt, Syria and Jordan begins.
1968 Sirhan Sirhan shoots Democratic presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy after Kennedy's victory in the pivotal California primary election.
1973 Doris A. Davis becomes the first African-American woman to govern a city in a major metropolitan area when she is elected mayor of Compton, California.
2004 Former U.S. President Ronald Reagan dies at age 93. Reagan was the 40th president of the United States.
Born on June 5
1723 Adam Smith, Scottish philosopher and economist.
1878 Francisco "Pancho" Villa, Mexican revolutionary and guerrilla leader.
1883 John Maynard Keynes, economist.
1884 Dame Ivy Compton-Burnett, British author.
1898 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet and dramatist.
1915 Alfred Kazin, critic and editor (A Walker in the City).
1919 Richard Scarry, Children's author and illustrator.
1926 David Wagoner, poet and novelist (The Escape Artist).
1932 Christy Brown, Irish novelist and poet (My Left Foot).
1939 Margaret Drabble, English novelist (The Millstone, The Realms of Gold).
1947 David Hare, British playwright and director (A Map of the World, Slag).
1949 Ken Follett, novelist (Eye of the Needle, On The Wings of Eagles).

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#66 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Tue Jun 06, 2017 12:27 pm

Today in History June 6

1523 Gustav Vasa becomes king of Sweden.
1641 Spain loses Portugal.
1674 Sivaji crowns himself King of India.
1813 The United States invasion of Canada is halted at Stony Creek, Ontario.
1862 The city of Memphis surrenders to the Union navy after an intense naval engagement on the Mississippi River.
1865 Confederate raider William Quantrill dies from a wound received while escaping a Union patrol near Taylorsville, Kentucky.
1918 U.S. Marines enter combat at the Battle of Belleau Wood.
1924 The German Reichstag accepts the Dawes Plan, an American plan to help Germany pay off its war debts.
1930 Frozen foods are sold commercially for the first time.
1934 President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Securities Exchange Act, establishing the Securities and Exchange Commission.
1941 The U.S. government authorizes the seizure of foreign ships in U.S. ports.
1944 D-Day: Operation Overlord lands 400,000 Allied American, British, and Canadian troops on the beaches of Normandy in German-occupied France.
1961 Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung, one of the founders of modern psychiatry, dies.
1966 African American James Meredith is shot and wounded while on a solo march in Mississippi to promote voter registration among blacks.
1982 Israel invades southern Lebanon.
1985 The body of Nazi war criminal Dr. Josef Mengele is located and exhumed near Sao Paolo, Brazil.
Born on June 6
1606 Pierre Corneille, French author.
1755 Nathan Hale, American revolutionary.
1756 John Trumbull, American painter.
1799 Alexander Pushkin, Russian writer (Boris Godunov, The Queen of Spades).
1868 Robert F. Scott, British explorer.
1872 Alexandra, the last Russian Czarina.
1875 Thomas Mann, German novelist and essayist, forced into exile by the Nazis.
1902 Jimmie Lunceford, bandleader.
1907 Bill Dickey, professional baseball player.
1925 Maxine Kumin, poet novelist and children's author.
1934 Bill Moyers, American broadcast journalist, press secretary to President Lyndon Johnson.
1939 Marian Wright Edelman, first African-American woman to be admitted to the Mississippi Bar, founder of the Children's Defense Fund.

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#67 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Wed Jun 07, 2017 12:14 pm

Today in History June 7

1498 Christopher Columbus leaves on his third voyage of exploration.
1546 The Peace of Ardes ends the war between France and England.
1654 Louis XIV is crowned king of France.
1712 The Pennsylvania Assembly bans the importation of slaves.
1767 Daniel Boone sights present-day Kentucky.
1775 The United Colonies change their name to the United States.
1863 Mexico City is captured by French troops.
1900 The Boxer rebels cut the rail links between Peking and Tientsin in China.
1903 Professor Pierre Curie reveals the discovery of Polonium.
1914 The first vessel passes through the Panama Canal.
1932 Over 7,000 war veterans march on Washington, D.C., demanding their bonus pay for service in World War I.
1942 The Japanese invade Attu and Kiska in the Aleutian Islands.
1968 In Operation Swift Saber, U.S. Marines sweep an area 10 miles northwest of Da Nang in South Vietnam.
1981 Israeli F-16 fighter-bombers destroy Iraq's only nuclear reactor.
1994 The Organization of African Unity formally admits South Africa as its fifty-third member.
Born on June 7
1502 Gregory XIII, Roman Catholic pope.
1778 George Bryan "Beau" Brummell, English wit.
1848 Paul Gaugin, French post-impressionist painter.
1899 Elizabeth Bowen, British novelist and short story writer (The Death of the Heart).
1909 Virginia Apgar, American physician and medical researcher.
1909 Peter Rodino, U.S. congressman, chairman of the Watergate hearings.
1917 Gwendolyn Brooks, African-American poet.
1954 Louise Erdrich, American author.

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#68 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Thu Jun 08, 2017 11:29 am

Today in History June 8

452 Attila the Hun invades Italy.
632 Muhammad, the founder of Islam and unifier of Arabia, dies.
793 The Vikings raid the Northumbrian coast of England.
1861 Tennessee votes to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy.
1862 The Army of the Potomac defeats Confederate forces at Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia.
1863 Residents of Vicksburg flee into caves as General Ulysses S. Grant's army begins shelling the town.
1866 Prussia annexes the region of Holstein.
1904 U.S. Marines land in Tangiers, Morocco, to protect U.S. citizens.
1908 King Edward VII of England visits Czar Nicholas II of Russia in an effort to improve relations between the two countries.
1915 William Jennings Bryan quits as Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson.
1953 The Supreme Court forbids segregated lunch counters in Washington, D.C.
1965 President Lyndon Johnson authorizes commanders in Vietnam to commit U.S. ground forces to combat.
1966 Gemini astronaut Gene Cernan attempts to become the first man to orbit the Earth untethered to a space capsule, but is unable to when he exhausts himself fitting into his rocket pack.
1967 Israeli airplanes attack the USS Liberty, a surveillance ship, in the Mediterranean, killing 34 Navy crewmen.
1968 James Earl Ray, the alleged assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr., is captured at the London Airport.
1969 President Richard Nixon meets with President Thieu of South Vietnam to tell him 25,000 U.S. troops will pull out by August.
1995 U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Scott O'Grady is rescued by U.S. Marines in Bosnia.
Born on June 8
1625 Giovanni Domenico Cassini, astronomer.
1724 John Smeaton, English engineer.
1810 Robert Schumann, German composer.
1813 David D. Porter, Union admiral during the American Civil War.
1867 Frank Lloyd Wright, influential American architect.
1916 Francis Crick, British scientist who co-discovered of the structure of DNA.
1918 Robert Preston, actor (The Music Man).
1925 Barbara Pierce Bush, First Lady to 41st President, George H. W. Bush.
1939 Herb Adderley, American football player.
1942 Andrew Weil, physician and author (Spontaneous Healing).
1947 Sara Paretsky, detective novelist.

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#69 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Fri Jun 09, 2017 12:36 pm

Today in History June 9

1064 Coimbra, Portugal falls to Ferdinand, king of Castile.
1534 Jacques Cartier sails into the mouth of the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
1790 Civil war breaks out in Martinique.
1861 Mary Ann "Mother" Bickerdyke begins working in Union hospitals.
1863 At the Battle of Brandy Station in Virginia, Union and Confederate cavalries clash in the largest cavalry battle of the Civil War.
1923 Bulgaria's government is overthrown by the military.
1931 Robert H. Goddard patents a rocket-fueled aircraft design.
1942 The Japanese high command announces that "The Midway Occupation operations have been temporarily postponed."
1945 Japanese Premier Kantaro Suzuki declares that Japan will fight to the last rather than accept unconditional surrender.
1951 After several unsuccessful attacks on French colonial troops, North Vietnam's General Vo Nguyen Giap orders Viet Minh to withdraw from the Red River Delta.
1954 At the Army-McCarthy hearings, attorney Joseph Welch asks Senator Joseph McCarthy "Have you no sense of decency?"
1959 The first ballistic missile-carrying submarine, the USS George Washington, is launched.
1972 American advisor John Paul Vann is killed in a helicopter accident in Vietnam.
1986 NASA publishes a report on the Challenger accident.
Born on June 9
1640 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor.
1672 Peter I, Russian Czar (1682-1725).
1781 George Stephenson, English engineer, built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives.
1791 John Howard Payne, American playwright and actor.
1865 Carl Nielsen, Danish composer.
1877 Meta Vaux Warrick, sculptor.
1891 Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist.
1901 George Price, cartoonist.
1915 Les Paul, American guitarist and electric guitar innovator.
1916 Robert S. McNamara, U.S. Secretary of Defense under presidents John Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson.

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#70 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Sat Jun 10, 2017 11:19 am

Today in History June 10

1190 Frederick Barbarossa drowns in a river while leading an army of the Third Crusade.
1692 Bridget Bishop is hanged in Salem, Mass., for witchcraft.
1776 The Continental Congress appoints a committee to write a Declaration of Independence.
1801 Tripoli declares war on the U.S. for refusing to pay tribute.
1854 The U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, holds its first graduation.
1861 Dorothea Dix is appointed superintendent of female nurses for the Union army.
1864 At the Battle of Brice's Crossroads in Mississippi, Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats the numerically superior Union troops.
1898 U.S. Marines land in Cuba.
1905 Japan and Russia agree to peace talks brokered by President Theodore Roosevelt.
1909 An SOS signal is transmitted for the first time in an emergency when the Cunard liner SS Slavonia is wrecked off the Azores.
1916 Mecca, under control of the Turks, falls to the Arabs during the Great Arab Revolt.
1920 The Republican convention in Chicago endorses women's suffrage.
1924 The Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti is kidnapped and assassinated by Fascists in Rome.
1925 Tennessee adopts a new biology text book denying the theory of evolution.
1940 The Norwegian army capitulates to the Germans.
1942 Germany razes the town of Lidice, Czechoslovakia and kills more than 1,300 citizens in retribution of the murder of Reinhard Heydrich.
1943 The Allies begin bombing Germany around the clock.
1944 The U.S. VII and V corps, advancing from Normandy's beaches, link up and begin moving inland.
1948 The news that the sound barrier has been broken is finally released to the public by the U.S. Air Force. Chuck Yeager, piloting the rocket airplane X-1, exceeded the speed of sound on October 14, 1947.
1963 Buddhist monk Ngo Quang Duc dies by self immolation in Saigon to protest persecution by the Diem government.
1970 A 15-man group of special forces troops begin training for Operation Kingpin, a POW rescue mission in North Vietnam.
1985 The Israeli army pulls out of Lebanon after 1,099 days of occupation.
1999 Serb forces begin their withdrawal from Kosovo after signing an agreement with the NATO powers.
Born on June 10
1735 John Morgan, physician-in-chief of the American Continental Army.
1895 Hattie McDaniel, African-American actress.
1901 Frederick Loewe, songwriter.
1915 Saul Bellow, American novelist (Herzog, Humboldt's Gift).
1922 Judy Garland (Frances Ethel Gumm), American actress and singer (The Wizard of Oz, Easter Parade).
1925 Nat Hentoff, journalist.
1928 Maurice Sendak, children's author and illustrator (Where the Wild Things Are).
1933 F. Lee Bailey, American defense attorney.

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#71 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Sun Jun 11, 2017 12:06 pm

Today in History June 11

1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg is elected Holy Roman Emperor.
1509 Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon.
1770 Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
1798 Napoleon Bonaparte takes the island of Malta.
1861 Union forces under General George B. McClellan repulse a Confederate force at Rich Mountain in western Virginia.
1865 Major General Henry W. Halleck finds documents and archives of the Confederate government in Richmond, Virginia. This discovery will lead to the publication of the official war records.
1895 Charles E. Duryea receives the first U.S. patent granted to an American inventor for a gasoline-driven automobile.
1903 King Alexander and Queen Draga of Belgrade are assassinated by members of the Serbia army.
1915 British troops take Cameroon in Africa.
1927 Charles Lindbergh, a captain in the US Army Air Corps Reserve, receives the first Distinguished Flying Cross ever awarded, for his solo trans-Atlantic flight.
1930 William Beebe, of the New York Zoological Society, dives to a record-setting depth of 1,426 feet off the coast of Bermuda, in a diving chamber called a bathysphere.
1934 The Disarmament Conference in Geneva ends in failure.
1940 The Italian Air Force bombs the British fortress at Malta in the Mediterranean.
1943 The Italian island of Pantelleria surrenders after a heavy air bombardment.
1944 U.S. carrier-based planes attack Japanese airfields on Guam , Rota, Saipan and Tinian islands, preparing for the invasion of Saipan.
1963 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.
1967 Israel and Syria accept a U. N. cease-fire.
1987 Margaret Thatcher wins her third consecutive term as Prime Minister.
Born on June 11
1572 Ben Jonson, English playwright and poet.
1769 Anne Newport Royall, American newspaper reporter.
1823 James L. Kemper, Confederate general during the American Civil War.
1880 Jeannette Rankin, U.S. Representative from Montana, the first woman in Congress.
1888 Bartolomeo Vanzetti, anarchist, executed with Nicola Sacco.
1895 Nikolai A. Bulganin, premier of the Soviet Union from 1955 to 1958.
1910 Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French oceanic explorer, filmmaker, author and inventor of the aqualung.
1913 Vince Lombardi, American football coach.
1925 William Styron, American novelist (The Confessions of Nat Turner, Sophie's Choice).
1932 Athol Fugard, South African playwright, director and actor (The Blood Knot, "Master Harold" . . . and the Boys).

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#72 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Mon Jun 12, 2017 12:24 pm

Today in History June 12

1442 Alfonso V of Aragon is crowned King of Naples.
1812 Napoleon Bonaparte and his army invade Russia.
1849 The gas mask is patented by Lewis P. Haslett.
1862 Confederate General J. E. B. Stuart begins his ride around the Union Army outside of Richmond, Virginia.
1901 Cuba agrees to become an American protectorate by accepting the Platt Amendment.
1918 The first airplane bombing raid by an American unit occurs in France.
1920 Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding for president and Calvin Coolidge for vice president.
1921 President Warren Harding urges every young man to attend military training camp.
1926 Brazil quits the League of Nations in protest over plans to admit Germany.
1931 Gangster Al Capone and 68 of his henchmen are indicted for violating Prohibition laws.
1937 Eight of Stalin's generals are sentenced to death during purges in the Soviet Union.
1942 American bombers strike the oil refineries of Ploesti, Romania for the first time.
1963 Black civil rights leader Medgar Evers is assassinated by a gunman outside his home in Jackson, Mississippi.
1967 The Supreme Court rules that states cannot ban interracial marriages.
1972 At a hearing in front the of a U.S. House of Representatives committee, Air Force General John Lavalle defends his orders on engagement in Vietnam.
1977 David Berkowitz gets 25 years to life for the Son of Sam murders in New York.
1985 The U.S. House of Representatives approves $27 million in aid to the Nicaraguan Contras.
1991 Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines begins erupting for the first time in 600 years.
Born on June 12
1806 John Roebling, civil engineer, pioneer in designing suspension bridges.
1829 Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (Heidi).
1897 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (1955-1957).
1915 David Rockefeller, international banker.
1924 George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States (1989-1993).
1929 Anne Frank, German diarist, victim of the Holocaust.

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#73 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Tue Jun 13, 2017 12:07 pm

Today in History June 13

1777 The Marquis de Lafayette arrives in the American colonies to help in their rebellion against Britain.
1863 Confederate forces on their way to Gettysburg clash with Union troops at the Second Battle of Winchester, Virginia.
1920 The U.S. Post Office Department rules that children may not be sent by parcel post.
1923 The French set a trade barrier between occupied Ruhr and the rest of Germany.
1940 Paris is evacuated as the Germans advance on the city.
1943 German spies land on Long Island, New York, and are soon captured.
1944 The first German V-1 buzz-bomb hits London.
1949 Installed by the French, Bao Dai enters Saigon to rule Vietnam.
1971 The New York Times begins publishing the Pentagon Papers.
1978 Israelis withdraw the last of their invading forces from Lebanon.
1979 Sioux Indians are awarded $105 million in compensation for the 1877 U.S. seizure of the Black Hills in South Dakota.
1983 Pioneer 10, already in space for 11 years, leaves the solar system.
Born on June 13
40 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general.
1752 Fanny Burney, English writer.
1786 Winfield Scott, U.S. Army general.
1831 James C. Maxwell, scientist.
1865 William Butler Yeats, Irish poet and dramatist.
1893 Dorothy Leigh Sayers, English detective writer, creator of Lord Peter Wimsey.
1894 Mark Van Doren, American poet, writer and educator.
1903 Harold "Red" Grange, American football player.

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#74 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Wed Jun 14, 2017 12:04 pm

Today in History June 14

1381 The Peasants' Revolt, led by Wat Tyler, climaxes when rebels plunder and burn the Tower of London and kill the Archbishop of Canterbury.
1642 Massachusetts passes the first compulsory education law in the colonies.
1645 Oliver Cromwell's army routs the king's army at Naseby.
1775 The U.S. Army is founded when the Continental Congress authorizes the muster of troops.
1777 The Continental Congress authorizes the "stars and stripes" flag for the new United States.
1789 Captain William Bligh of the HMS Bounty arrives in Timor in a small boat. He had been forced to leave his ship when his crew mutinied.
1846 A group of settlers declare California to be a republic.
1864 At the Battle of Pine Mountain, Georgia, Confederate General Leonidas Polk is killed by a Union shell.
1893 The city of Philadelphia observes the first Flag Day.
1907 Women in Norway win the right to vote.
1919 John William Alcott and Arthur Whitten Brown take off from St. John's, Newfoundland, for Clifden, Ireland, on the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
1922 President Warren G. Harding becomes the first president to speak on the radio.
1927 Nicaraguan President Porfirio Diaz signs a treaty with the U.S. allowing American intervention in his country.
1932 Representative Edward Eslick dies on the floor of the House of Representatives while pleading for the passage of the bonus bill.
1940 German forces occupy Paris.
1942 The Supreme Court rules that requiring students to salute the American flag is unconstitutional.
1944 Boeing B-29 bombers conduct their first raid against mainland Japan.
1945 Burma is liberated by the British.
1949 The State of Vietnam is formed.
1951 UNIVAC, the first computer built for commercial purposes, is demonstrated in Philadelphia by Dr. John W. Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert, Jr.
1954 Americans take part in the first nation-wide civil defense test against atomic attack.
1965 A military triumvirate takes control in Saigon, South Vietnam.
1982 Argentina surrenders to the United Kingdom ending the Falkland Islands War.
1985 Gunmen hijack a passenger jet over the Middle East.
1989 Congressman William Gray, an African American, is elected Democratic Whip of the House of Representatives.
1995 Chechen rebels take 2,000 people hostage in a hospital in Russia.
Born on June 14
1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin).
1820 John Bartlett, editor, compiler of Barlett's Familiar Quotations.
1855 Robert Marion "Fighting Bob" La Follette, reform movement leader, Governor of Wisconsin, U.S. Senator and Progressive Party presidential candidate.
1906 Margaret Bourke-White, American photojournalist.
1925 Pierre Salinger, press secretary for John F. Kennedy.
1933 Jerzy Kosinski, Polish-American novelist (The Painted Bird, Being There).
1946 Donald Trump, New York real estate mogul.

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Cruncher Pete
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#75 Re: On This Day

Post by Cruncher Pete » Sun Jul 02, 2017 5:48 am

Imelda Marcos - 88 today

First Lady and Politican Imelda MarcosFull Name: Imelda Marcos
Nationality: Filipino

Profession: First Lady and Politican
Why Famous: Imelda Marcos was the wife of President Ferdinand Marcos, a politician in her own right and notorious for her lavish lifestyle.

Imelda Marcos became the First Lady of the Philippines with her husband's election in 1965. In 1972 in an attempt to hold onto power martial law was declared and Imelda herself survived an assassination attempt that same year. After her husband was forced out of power in 1986 by the People Power Revolution they were exiled to the US. In her absence the Malacañan Palace was found to contain evidence of the the couple's huge acquisition of wealth, including famously, more than 1,000 pairs of Imelda's shoes.

In 1991, she and her family were granted permission by Corazon Aquino to return to the Philippines. Her come back has since allowed her to restore her political dynasty and was elected to the House of Representatives in 1995 for Leyte, and again in 2010 for Ilocos Norte.

Despite facing numerous allegations of the family's source of wealth (she is estimated to be the 3rd richest person in the country), she was never imprisoned on these charges. Marcos continues to wield power, and her ability to survive upheavals in her life has led her to her be nicknamed "Steel Butterfly".

Born: July 2, 1929 (88 years old)
Star Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Manila, Philippines

Married Life
1954-05-01 Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos (36) weds Imelda Romualdez (24) in a Catholic church
Historical Events in the Life of Imelda Marcos
1966-07-04 Beatles attacked in Philippines after (unintentionally) insulting Imelda Marcos
1972-12-07 Philippine's first lady Imelda Marcos stabbed & wounded by an assailant
1988-10-21 Philippine former first couple Ferdinand & Imelda Marcos indicted on racketeering charges
1990-07-02 Imelda Marcos & Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering
1991-11-04 Imelda Marcos returns from exile to the Philippines and was arrested the next day for tax fraud and corruption. She was then released on $6,400 bail.
2008-05-10 Philippine court acquits Imelda Marcos in a 17-year-old case of 32 counts of illegal transfer of wealth totaling $863 million in Swiss bank accounts.
2010-05-11 Imelda Marcos wins election to the House of Representatives of the Philippines, representing Ilocos Norte province
2010-09-09 A court in the Philippines orders Imelda Marcos to repay the government almost $280,000 for funds taken from the National Food Authority by Ferdinand Marcos in 1983

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